javax.ws.rs.core
Class UriBuilder

java.lang.Object
  extended by javax.ws.rs.core.UriBuilder

public abstract class UriBuilder
extends java.lang.Object

URI template aware utility class for building URIs from their components. See Path.value() for an explanation of URI templates.

Builder methods perform contextual encoding of characters not permitted in the corresponding URI component following the rules of the application/x-www-form-urlencoded media type for query parameters and RFC 3986 for all other components. Note that only characters not permitted in a particular component are subject to encoding so, e.g., a path supplied to one of the path methods may contain matrix parameters or multiple path segments since the separators are legal characters and will not be encoded. Percent encoded values are also recognized where allowed and will not be double encoded.

URI templates are allowed in most components of a URI but their value is restricted to a particular component. E.g.

UriBuilder.fromPath("{arg1}").build("foo#bar");
would result in encoding of the '#' such that the resulting URI is "foo%23bar". To create a URI "foo#bar" use
UriBuilder.fromPath("{arg1}").fragment("{arg2}").build("foo", "bar")
instead. URI template names and delimiters are never encoded but their values are encoded when a URI is built. Template parameter regular expressions are ignored when building a URI, i.e. no validation is performed.

See Also:
URI, Path

Constructor Summary
protected UriBuilder()
          Protected constructor, use one of the static fromXXX methods to obtain an instance.
 
Method Summary
abstract  java.net.URI build(java.lang.Object... values)
          Build a URI, using the supplied values in order to replace any URI template parameters.
abstract  java.net.URI buildFromEncoded(java.lang.Object... values)
          Build a URI.
abstract  java.net.URI buildFromEncodedMap(java.util.Map<java.lang.String,? extends java.lang.Object> values)
          Build a URI, any URI template parameters will be replaced by the value in the supplied map.
abstract  java.net.URI buildFromMap(java.util.Map<java.lang.String,? extends java.lang.Object> values)
          Build a URI, any URI template parameters will be replaced by the value in the supplied map.
abstract  UriBuilder clone()
          Create a copy of the UriBuilder preserving its state.
abstract  UriBuilder fragment(java.lang.String fragment)
          Set the URI fragment.
static UriBuilder fromPath(java.lang.String path)
          Create a new instance representing a relative URI initialized from a URI path.
static UriBuilder fromResource(java.lang.Class<?> resource)
          Create a new instance representing a relative URI initialized from a root resource class.
static UriBuilder fromUri(java.lang.String uri)
          Create a new instance initialized from an existing URI.
static UriBuilder fromUri(java.net.URI uri)
          Create a new instance initialized from an existing URI.
abstract  UriBuilder host(java.lang.String host)
          Set the URI host.
abstract  UriBuilder matrixParam(java.lang.String name, java.lang.Object... values)
          Append a matrix parameter to the existing set of matrix parameters of the current final segment of the URI path.
protected static UriBuilder newInstance()
          Creates a new instance of UriBuilder.
abstract  UriBuilder path(java.lang.Class resource)
          Append the path from a Path-annotated class to the existing path.
abstract  UriBuilder path(java.lang.Class resource, java.lang.String method)
          Append the path from a Path-annotated method to the existing path.
abstract  UriBuilder path(java.lang.reflect.Method method)
          Append the path from a Path-annotated method to the existing path.
abstract  UriBuilder path(java.lang.String path)
          Append path to the existing path.
abstract  UriBuilder port(int port)
          Set the URI port.
abstract  UriBuilder queryParam(java.lang.String name, java.lang.Object... values)
          Append a query parameter to the existing set of query parameters.
abstract  UriBuilder replaceMatrix(java.lang.String matrix)
          Set the matrix parameters of the current final segment of the current URI path.
abstract  UriBuilder replaceMatrixParam(java.lang.String name, java.lang.Object... values)
          Replace the existing value(s) of a matrix parameter on the current final segment of the URI path.
abstract  UriBuilder replacePath(java.lang.String path)
          Set the URI path.
abstract  UriBuilder replaceQuery(java.lang.String query)
          Set the URI query string.
abstract  UriBuilder replaceQueryParam(java.lang.String name, java.lang.Object... values)
          Replace the existing value(s) of a query parameter.
abstract  UriBuilder scheme(java.lang.String scheme)
          Set the URI scheme.
abstract  UriBuilder schemeSpecificPart(java.lang.String ssp)
          Set the URI scheme-specific-part (see URI).
abstract  UriBuilder segment(java.lang.String... segments)
          Append path segments to the existing path.
abstract  UriBuilder uri(java.net.URI uri)
          Copies the non-null components of the supplied URI to the UriBuilder replacing any existing values for those components.
abstract  UriBuilder userInfo(java.lang.String ui)
          Set the URI user-info.
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Constructor Detail

UriBuilder

protected UriBuilder()
Protected constructor, use one of the static fromXXX methods to obtain an instance.

Method Detail

newInstance

protected static UriBuilder newInstance()
Creates a new instance of UriBuilder.

Returns:
a new instance of UriBuilder

fromUri

public static UriBuilder fromUri(java.net.URI uri)
                          throws java.lang.IllegalArgumentException
Create a new instance initialized from an existing URI.

Parameters:
uri - a URI that will be used to initialize the UriBuilder.
Returns:
a new UriBuilder
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if uri is null

fromUri

public static UriBuilder fromUri(java.lang.String uri)
                          throws java.lang.IllegalArgumentException
Create a new instance initialized from an existing URI.

Parameters:
uri - a URI that will be used to initialize the UriBuilder, may not contain URI parameters.
Returns:
a new UriBuilder
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if uri is not a valid URI or is null

fromPath

public static UriBuilder fromPath(java.lang.String path)
                           throws java.lang.IllegalArgumentException
Create a new instance representing a relative URI initialized from a URI path.

Parameters:
path - a URI path that will be used to initialize the UriBuilder, may contain URI template parameters.
Returns:
a new UriBuilder
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if path is null

fromResource

public static UriBuilder fromResource(java.lang.Class<?> resource)
                               throws java.lang.IllegalArgumentException
Create a new instance representing a relative URI initialized from a root resource class.

Parameters:
resource - a root resource whose Path value will be used to initialize the UriBuilder.
Returns:
a new UriBuilder
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if resource is not annotated with Path or resource is null.

clone

public abstract UriBuilder clone()
Create a copy of the UriBuilder preserving its state. This is a more efficient means of creating a copy than constructing a new UriBuilder from a URI returned by the build(java.lang.Object...) method.

Overrides:
clone in class java.lang.Object
Returns:
a copy of the UriBuilder

uri

public abstract UriBuilder uri(java.net.URI uri)
                        throws java.lang.IllegalArgumentException
Copies the non-null components of the supplied URI to the UriBuilder replacing any existing values for those components.

Parameters:
uri - the URI to copy components from
Returns:
the updated UriBuilder
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if uri is null

scheme

public abstract UriBuilder scheme(java.lang.String scheme)
                           throws java.lang.IllegalArgumentException
Set the URI scheme.

Parameters:
scheme - the URI scheme, may contain URI template parameters. A null value will unset the URI scheme.
Returns:
the updated UriBuilder
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if scheme is invalid

schemeSpecificPart

public abstract UriBuilder schemeSpecificPart(java.lang.String ssp)
                                       throws java.lang.IllegalArgumentException
Set the URI scheme-specific-part (see URI). This method will overwrite any existing values for authority, user-info, host, port and path.

Parameters:
ssp - the URI scheme-specific-part, may contain URI template parameters
Returns:
the updated UriBuilder
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if ssp cannot be parsed or is null

userInfo

public abstract UriBuilder userInfo(java.lang.String ui)
Set the URI user-info.

Parameters:
ui - the URI user-info, may contain URI template parameters. A null value will unset userInfo component of the URI.
Returns:
the updated UriBuilder

host

public abstract UriBuilder host(java.lang.String host)
                         throws java.lang.IllegalArgumentException
Set the URI host.

Parameters:
host - the URI host, may contain URI template parameters. A null value will unset the host component of the URI.
Returns:
the updated UriBuilder
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if host is invalid.

port

public abstract UriBuilder port(int port)
                         throws java.lang.IllegalArgumentException
Set the URI port.

Parameters:
port - the URI port, a value of -1 will unset an explicit port.
Returns:
the updated UriBuilder
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if port is invalid

replacePath

public abstract UriBuilder replacePath(java.lang.String path)
Set the URI path. This method will overwrite any existing path and associated matrix parameters. Existing '/' characters are preserved thus a single value can represent multiple URI path segments.

Parameters:
path - the path, may contain URI template parameters. A null value will unset the path component of the URI.
Returns:
the updated UriBuilder

path

public abstract UriBuilder path(java.lang.String path)
                         throws java.lang.IllegalArgumentException
Append path to the existing path. When constructing the final path, a '/' separator will be inserted between the existing path and the supplied path if necessary. Existing '/' characters are preserved thus a single value can represent multiple URI path segments.

Parameters:
path - the path, may contain URI template parameters
Returns:
the updated UriBuilder
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if path is null

path

public abstract UriBuilder path(java.lang.Class resource)
                         throws java.lang.IllegalArgumentException
Append the path from a Path-annotated class to the existing path. When constructing the final path, a '/' separator will be inserted between the existing path and the supplied path if necessary.

Parameters:
resource - a resource whose Path value will be used to obtain the path to append.
Returns:
the updated UriBuilder
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if resource is null, or if resource is not annotated with Path

path

public abstract UriBuilder path(java.lang.Class resource,
                                java.lang.String method)
                         throws java.lang.IllegalArgumentException
Append the path from a Path-annotated method to the existing path. When constructing the final path, a '/' separator will be inserted between the existing path and the supplied path if necessary. This method is a convenience shortcut to path(Method), it can only be used in cases where there is a single method with the specified name that is annotated with Path.

Parameters:
resource - the resource containing the method
method - the name of the method whose Path value will be used to obtain the path to append
Returns:
the updated UriBuilder
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if resource or method is null, or there is more than or less than one variant of the method annotated with Path

path

public abstract UriBuilder path(java.lang.reflect.Method method)
                         throws java.lang.IllegalArgumentException
Append the path from a Path-annotated method to the existing path. When constructing the final path, a '/' separator will be inserted between the existing path and the supplied path if necessary.

Parameters:
method - a method whose Path value will be used to obtain the path to append to the existing path
Returns:
the updated UriBuilder
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if method is null or is not annotated with a Path

segment

public abstract UriBuilder segment(java.lang.String... segments)
                            throws java.lang.IllegalArgumentException
Append path segments to the existing path. When constructing the final path, a '/' separator will be inserted between the existing path and the first path segment if necessary and each supplied segment will also be separated by '/'. Existing '/' characters are encoded thus a single value can only represent a single URI path segment.

Parameters:
segments - the path segment values, each may contain URI template parameters
Returns:
the updated UriBuilder
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if segments or any element of segments is null

replaceMatrix

public abstract UriBuilder replaceMatrix(java.lang.String matrix)
                                  throws java.lang.IllegalArgumentException
Set the matrix parameters of the current final segment of the current URI path. This method will overwrite any existing matrix parameters on the current final segment of the current URI path. Note that the matrix parameters are tied to a particular path segment; subsequent addition of path segments will not affect their position in the URI path.

Parameters:
matrix - the matrix parameters, may contain URI template parameters. A null value will remove all matrix parameters of the current final segment of the current URI path.
Returns:
the updated UriBuilder
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if matrix cannot be parsed
See Also:
Matrix URIs

matrixParam

public abstract UriBuilder matrixParam(java.lang.String name,
                                       java.lang.Object... values)
                                throws java.lang.IllegalArgumentException
Append a matrix parameter to the existing set of matrix parameters of the current final segment of the URI path. If multiple values are supplied the parameter will be added once per value. Note that the matrix parameters are tied to a particular path segment; subsequent addition of path segments will not affect their position in the URI path.

Parameters:
name - the matrix parameter name, may contain URI template parameters
values - the matrix parameter value(s), each object will be converted to a String using its toString() method. Stringified values may contain URI template parameters.
Returns:
the updated UriBuilder
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if name or values is null
See Also:
Matrix URIs

replaceMatrixParam

public abstract UriBuilder replaceMatrixParam(java.lang.String name,
                                              java.lang.Object... values)
                                       throws java.lang.IllegalArgumentException
Replace the existing value(s) of a matrix parameter on the current final segment of the URI path. If multiple values are supplied the parameter will be added once per value. Note that the matrix parameters are tied to a particular path segment; subsequent addition of path segments will not affect their position in the URI path.

Parameters:
name - the matrix parameter name, may contain URI template parameters
values - the matrix parameter value(s), each object will be converted to a String using its toString() method. Stringified values may contain URI template parameters. If values is empty or null then all current values of the parameter are removed.
Returns:
the updated UriBuilder
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if name is null.
See Also:
Matrix URIs

replaceQuery

public abstract UriBuilder replaceQuery(java.lang.String query)
                                 throws java.lang.IllegalArgumentException
Set the URI query string. This method will overwrite any existing query parameters.

Parameters:
query - the URI query string, may contain URI template parameters. A null value will remove all query parameters.
Returns:
the updated UriBuilder
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if query cannot be parsed

queryParam

public abstract UriBuilder queryParam(java.lang.String name,
                                      java.lang.Object... values)
                               throws java.lang.IllegalArgumentException
Append a query parameter to the existing set of query parameters. If multiple values are supplied the parameter will be added once per value.

Parameters:
name - the query parameter name, may contain URI template parameters
values - the query parameter value(s), each object will be converted to a String using its toString() method. Stringified values may contain URI template parameters.
Returns:
the updated UriBuilder
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if name or values is null

replaceQueryParam

public abstract UriBuilder replaceQueryParam(java.lang.String name,
                                             java.lang.Object... values)
                                      throws java.lang.IllegalArgumentException
Replace the existing value(s) of a query parameter. If multiple values are supplied the parameter will be added once per value.

Parameters:
name - the query parameter name, may contain URI template parameters
values - the query parameter value(s), each object will be converted to a String using its toString() method. Stringified values may contain URI template parameters. If values is empty or null then all current values of the parameter are removed.
Returns:
the updated UriBuilder
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if name is null

fragment

public abstract UriBuilder fragment(java.lang.String fragment)
Set the URI fragment.

Parameters:
fragment - the URI fragment, may contain URI template parameters. A null value will remove any existing fragment.
Returns:
the updated UriBuilder

buildFromMap

public abstract java.net.URI buildFromMap(java.util.Map<java.lang.String,? extends java.lang.Object> values)
                                   throws java.lang.IllegalArgumentException,
                                          UriBuilderException
Build a URI, any URI template parameters will be replaced by the value in the supplied map. Values are converted to String using their toString method and are then encoded to match the rules of the URI component to which they pertain. All '%' characters in the stringified values will be encoded. The state of the builder is unaffected; this method may be called multiple times on the same builder instance.

Parameters:
values - a map of URI template parameter names and values
Returns:
the URI built from the UriBuilder
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if there are any URI template parameters without a supplied value, or if a template parameter value is null.
UriBuilderException - if a URI cannot be constructed based on the current state of the builder.

buildFromEncodedMap

public abstract java.net.URI buildFromEncodedMap(java.util.Map<java.lang.String,? extends java.lang.Object> values)
                                          throws java.lang.IllegalArgumentException,
                                                 UriBuilderException
Build a URI, any URI template parameters will be replaced by the value in the supplied map. Values are converted to String using their toString method and are then encoded to match the rules of the URI component to which they pertain. All % characters in the stringified values that are not followed by two hexadecimal numbers will be encoded. The state of the builder is unaffected; this method may be called multiple times on the same builder instance.

Parameters:
values - a map of URI template parameter names and values
Returns:
the URI built from the UriBuilder
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if there are any URI template parameters without a supplied value, or if a template parameter value is null.
UriBuilderException - if a URI cannot be constructed based on the current state of the builder.

build

public abstract java.net.URI build(java.lang.Object... values)
                            throws java.lang.IllegalArgumentException,
                                   UriBuilderException
Build a URI, using the supplied values in order to replace any URI template parameters. Values are converted to String using their toString method and are then encoded to match the rules of the URI component to which they pertain. All '%' characters in the stringified values will be encoded. The state of the builder is unaffected; this method may be called multiple times on the same builder instance.

All instances of the same template parameter will be replaced by the same value that corresponds to the position of the first instance of the template parameter. e.g. the template "{a}/{b}/{a}" with values {"x", "y", "z"} will result in the the URI "x/y/x", not "x/y/z".

Parameters:
values - a list of URI template parameter values
Returns:
the URI built from the UriBuilder
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if there are any URI template parameters without a supplied value, or if a value is null.
UriBuilderException - if a URI cannot be constructed based on the current state of the builder.

buildFromEncoded

public abstract java.net.URI buildFromEncoded(java.lang.Object... values)
                                       throws java.lang.IllegalArgumentException,
                                              UriBuilderException
Build a URI. Any URI templates parameters will be replaced with the supplied values in order. Values are converted to String using their toString method and are then encoded to match the rules of the URI component to which they pertain. All % characters in the stringified values that are not followed by two hexadecimal numbers will be encoded. The state of the builder is unaffected; this method may be called multiple times on the same builder instance.

All instances of the same template parameter will be replaced by the same value that corresponds to the position of the first instance of the template parameter. e.g. the template "{a}/{b}/{a}" with values {"x", "y", "z"} will result in the the URI "x/y/x", not "x/y/z".

Parameters:
values - a list of URI template parameter values
Returns:
the URI built from the UriBuilder
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if there are any URI template parameters without a supplied value, or if a value is null.
UriBuilderException - if a URI cannot be constructed based on the current state of the builder.